By Dean Macacuna A. Moslem
Office of the President
Islam is a religion of peace! Any act which disturbs peace and tranquility is not only reprehensible but condemnable. Peace is the essence of Islam. Peace is the only way up!
Oppression, therefore, in any form against human beings, against animals, against birds is strictly prohibited in Islam.
“The life of a person is valued like the life of the entire humanity.” The Qur’an says whose saveth it (he protects and preserves) the life of one, it shall be as if he had saved the life of mankind (Qur’an 5:35) killing a person without just cause is as good as he has killed the entire mankind.
There shall be no discrimination between man and man on the ground of nationality, nobility and racial distinction. Thus, the holy Qur’an proclaimed:
“O humankind! We created you from a single (pair) of male and female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know each other (not that you may despise each other). “Verily, the most honored of you in the sight of Allah (S.W.T) is he who is most righteous in conduct.” (Qur’an, 49:13)
This Qur’anic verse is addressed not only to the Muslims, but also to the whole of mankind. It constitutes a divine “Call for global peace, not globicide.” It is also a warning against selfish ethnocentrism and nationalism.
Islam has enjoined Muslims to be just in all his or her dealings with non-Muslims. Thus non-Muslims living in a Muslim country or Community enjoy the status of DHIMNIS, or the most protected people. To protect a Christian living in a Muslim country is not only a duty of the state, but also an obligation of Muslim individuals.
We Muslims as believers of Islam do not tolerate terroristic acts. All acts of terrorism are repugnant to the Islamic society. Killing a fellow Muslim or a non-Muslim without just cause is a mortal sin and earns its perpetrators the wrath and curse of Allah (S.W.T). Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam (PBUH) had threatened to be the complainant himself on the Day of Judgment against every Muslim who violated the rights of non-Muslims (DHIMNIS). Their rights are sacred and inviolable.
The prophet Muhammad (PBUH) warns Muslims any high-handedness towards the Non-Muslim Citizens.
“Whoever oppresses a DHIMNI or usurps or makes him work beyond his capacity, or takes something from him with ill-intentions, he shall be the complainant against him on the day of Resurrection.”
“Whoever hurts a DHIMNI, he hurts me; and one who hurts me, hurts Allah (S.W.T)” (Al-Tribani)
It was reported that the second Caliph of Islam, Sayyidina Umar bin Al-khatab made the following order:
“I exhort my successor regarding the treatment to be meted out to the covenanted people by the messenger of Allah (S.W.T). (They should receive the fullest execution of their covenant, and their lives and properties should be defended even if it requires to go to war against their oppressor) and they should not be taxed beyond their capacity.”
In fine, the following are the basic and fundamentals rights of non-Muslims living in a Islamic state or Islamic community:
1. Their protection from all external threats; and
2. Their protection from all internal tyranny and persecution.
According to Ibn Hazim,
“If enemies at war come to our country aiming at certain Dhimni, it is essential for us that we will go to war and fight them with our might and weapons since they are under the protection of Allah (S.W.T) and his Messenger. If we did anything less than this, it means we have failed in our agreement for protection.”
“Non-Muslims should be accorded full protection against internal high-handedness, persecution, tyranny and injustice.”
“Muslim individuals are duty-bound to spare their hands and tongues from abusing the non-Muslim citizens.”
In fairness, therefore, it is imperative “to distinguish Islam as a belief system or body of thought from events, actuations or behaviors normally linked by many individuals to Islam.” This means that Islam is not synonymous with ISIS or other terrorist groups from within and without.
As pointed out above, the term Islam means peace. The adjective Muslim means peaceful.
In conclusion, the oft-repeated statement that non-Muslims are not safe in a Muslim Community came from the pens and mouths of detractors of Islam.
May peace be upon you ALL! (DMAM)